TIMELINE & RECOMMENDED READING
Christine de Pizan, Her Life and Works, Charity Cannon Willard, Persea Books, 1984.
The Writings of Christine de Pizan, Charity Cannon Willard, Persea Books, 1994.
The Book of the City of Ladies, Christine de Pizan, Transl. Earl Jeffrey Richards, Persea Books, 1982
The Vision of Christine de Pizan, Glenda McLeod & Charity Cannon Willard, D.S.Brewer, 2005
Christine de Pizan and the Fight for France, Tracy Adams, Penn State Press, 2014
Debating the Roman de la Rose, Christine McWebb, Editor, Routledge Medieval Texts, 2007.
The Romance of the Rose, Guillaume de Loris, Jean de Meun, Transl. Francis Horgan, Oxford U. Press, 1994
The Consolation of Philosophy, Boethius, Transl. Victor Watts, Penguin Classics, Rev. Ed. 1999
A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous Fourteenth Century, Barbara Tuchman, Random House Trade Paperbacks 2014
Blood Royal, Eric Jager, Little, Brown and Company, 2014
more to come...
ALLEGORY – A form of literature, popular in the Middle Ages, that joined biblical and classical traditions together in a story which often had a hidden or double meaning. Various human qualities and virtues could be depicted as male or female characters in the story.
TRÉBUCHET – A military device for hurling stones, arrows, etc. Often used in a siege to launch stones and other objects over a wall onto a city under attack, it originated in China.
CHIVALRY - A code of behavior and training for knights in the Middle Ages, emphasizing correct conduct in war and in everyday life, with an emphasis on courtesy towards women.
CLERIC - Member of a religious order. Clerics played significant roles in education and government because of their ability to read and write Latin.
DITIÉ - Term from Old French meaning a composition or poem, which might be spoken aloud. From the Latin words for “to dictate” and “to speak.”
HUMANISM – A philosophical movement influenced by Classical literature and centered in Italy during the 15th Century. Emphasis was on education for everyone in order to create more autonomous and free-thinking individuals, which in turn would encourage them to behave prudently and virtuously in society.
LOMBARD – Medieval French term for an Italian person; many Italians living in Paris were originally from the region of Lombardy.
MANTLE - A loose sleeveless cloak or cape, worn especially by women.
ROMANCE - A book in prose and/or verse, with the story usually centering on themes of love and courtly manners, popular in the Middle Ages.
SURCOAT – A sleeveless over-dress or outer coat of rich material.
VIRELAY – A form of French verse with interlacing rhymes, having alternating long and short lines.